Technologies > R&D: Applied superconductivity and cryogenics
Cryogenic Supply System (CSS)
The cryogenic supply system is based on a closed loop forced-flow refrigeration configuration, where certain amount of cryogen is cooled down and it is pumped into the final user application to achieve the desired temperature.
The helium is pumped into the circuit at ambient temperature, and it passes through a series of heat exchangers and a cryocooler where it is cooled down. The system provides refrigeration for two circuits, the final application, typically a magnet, and a thermal shield.
The core of the CSS is a Sumitomo cryocooler that could be modified (increasing the number or the type of cryocooler) depending on the thermal requirements of the final application.
For MRI and NMR systems that still relies on liquid helium to operate. The CSS could be a cheap alternative to substitute this expensive and scarce element.
For electric machines that uses superconducting magnets that could benefit from a remote cooling. Applications that could profit from the separation of the magnetic and cooling system and require high operational safety and low maintenance.
R&D applications that could use an autonomous cooling system with scalable power for the construction of prototypes and design of experiments
Superconducting reciprocating electric machine
The Cylindrical Switched Reluctance Machine (CSRM) consists in a moving passive translator with no coils and a static active stator with circular coils.
The CSRM is the best candidate for a superconducting version since it avoids the limitations of the superconducting wire bending radius and it allows the use of a single cryostat which can be shared by the active and the passive sides. Besides, this type of linear machine has two advantages over conventional double-sided ones for applications in PTOs. One is the adequacy of the machine shape to the shape of the WEC (the Spar), which is normally circular. The second one is, again, the high Force Density.
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