Technologies > Energy Storage Systems
Energy Storage Systems
Optimize the flow of energy
There are many different types of energy storage systems, including:
Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES)
Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) is a type of energy storage technology that uses superconducting materials to store electrical energy in form of a magnetic field. Superconducting materials are materials that can conduct electricity with zero resistance, meaning that they can transmit electrical current without losing energy due to resistance.
When electrical current is passed through the coil, it creates a magnetic field that is stored within the coil. The energy stored in the magnetic field can then be released back into the electrical grid when needed.
SMES systems has several potential advantages over types of energy storage technologies. They have a high energy density, meaning they can store a lot of energy in a small space, and they can also release large amounts of power quickly, making them well-suited for applications that require fast response time. They also have a long lifespan and are relatively maintenance-free. However, they do require cryogenic cooling systems to maintain the low temperatures needed for the superconducting materials to operate properly, which can add complexity and cost to the system.
In general, the main uses of this superconductor are:
- Power quality on the client or generator side.
- Voltage control and reactive power compensation and improve the transient stability of the network.
- Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS).
Fast Response energy storage systems (Flywheel)
CYCLOMED collaborates with CIEMAT developing fast response energy systems (SMES, flywheels, and supercapacitors) for different applications. These systems are characterized by their high power density which allows them to quickly respond to energy fluctuations.
A flywheel energy storage system (ESS) is a type of energy storage device to store and release electrical energy. The flywheel is mounted in a vacuum chamber and is connected to a motor/generator. The key components of flywheel energy storage (FES) are a rotating cylinder, bearings, a generator or motor, and a container to accommodate the flywheel. When electricity is supplied to the motor/generator, it causes the flywheel to spin up to a high speed.
In general, the main uses of flywheel are:
- Frequency regulation for the grid.
- Output stabilization of renewable energy plants.
- Cost-effective solution for transit energy recovery like railway.
- Energy recycling in high power cranes or draglines.
View our last projects
You can see the most important projects in which we have been involved.